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IEF -2011


The III International Energy Forum Innovations. Infrastructure. Safety took place on December 20, 2011 in President Hotel, Moscow.

The Forum began with a Plenary Meeting on Fuel and Energy Complex. Modernization and Innovative Development moderated by Ekaterina Popova, Deputy Chief of the Presidential Administration, Head of the Interdepartmental Working Group on Innovative Legislation at the Presidential Administration, Chairman of the Committee of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation on promoting the modernization and technological development of Russian Economy.

Yury Petrovich Sentiurin, State Secretary/Deputy Minister of Energy of RF, in his report expanded on the prospects for the implementation of alternative energy sources in different regions of the country. He emphasized that, according to the International Energy Agency, despite the global financial and economic crisis, the Fukushima nuclear accident and numerous natural calamities, global demand for energy resources has grown 5%.

Under these circumstances, the steadiness of energy supplies to the global market remains the key task. The role of the Russian Federation as one of the basic fuel exporters is growing. At the same time, many countries begin to use wind, solar and biomass energy to reduce dependence on traditional energy sources. Russia is trying to catch up with the global trends by setting a goal to increase the share of renewable energy sources (RER) in the fuel and energy balance plan from current 1.5% to 4% by 2020.

Russia and the whole world begin to understand that over time oil might remain an industrial raw material, but lose its importance as energy resource. Therefore the priority should be the search of alternative energy sources. Such source for Russia should primarily be water resources.

Russia has powerful hydropower generation companies. We are second best in the world by water resources, however their development is only 19%. 40 hydroelectric power plants operate in the country and generate 66bn kW/h a year. However, we hardly ever use wind or solar energy for they are too expensive. "The Ministry of Energy has prepared a set of documents on promoting RER development, said Yu. Sentiurin. One of RER development stimulation measures is subsidy assistance and compensation of costs of technological connection to RER sources up to 25MW. In addition, the Ministry of Energy has completed the preparation of the state program Energy Efficiency Development When Using RER.

Alexander Bedritsky, Special Envoy of the President of Russia for climate affairs, addresses on the problems of power industry under the conditions of climate change. According to the World Meteorological Office (MWO), the content of greenhouse gases in the world has become incredibly high. The cause is deforestation and industrial activity. Fuel and Energy Complex industries are dominating by the volume of emissions. Russia is fulfilling its obligations on greenhouse gas reduction. СО2 emissions have reduced in all industries of our country, however they are too small compared to GDP growth.

By the way, the reduction of СО2 emissions is mainly due to the EIT countries. Further on, this reduction will depend on energy efficiency and each country's economic structure. Russia has a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 15-25% by 2020 due to restructuring energy consumption in favor of non-fuel energy sources, energy performance and use of new technology.

This being said, Russia like many other countries (Japan, Canada) has refused extending the Kyoto Protocol in the framework of the old scheme. When making this decision we were driven by the fact that the Kyoto Protocol has restrictions for certain countries. For example, Kazakhstan was unable to join it, Belorussia can’t take advantage of the amendments thereto.

Alexander Zakharov, Vice-President of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation, drew attention of the Forum participants to Russia's internal problems in the field of electric power industry by starting with the growth of electricity rates and dictation of energy companies in service sector. This oppresses economic activity in the country, the speaker emphasized. And if this situation does not change in the months to come, the price of electric energy in RF for end consumers will be higher than in the USA, Finland and Spain by 2014.

In this connection, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry prepared a number of proposals on pricing in electric power industry. In particular, it is proposed to take measures aimed at ceasing cross-subsidies, refuse annual indexation of electricity rates, and abandon sales of two products in the wholesale market – electric energy and capacity. Industrial companies should be allowed to build own power plants and excessive energy should be supplied to the wholesale market. It was proposed to introduce benefits for energy efficient equipment with regard to property tax and adopt a federal target-oriented program on the development of low-power and medium power energy.

Energy is our living base, it determines economic development of any country, said Evgeny Velikhov, Director of Kurchatov Institute, Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In addition, it determines the occurrence of crises. There is a critical value of gross expenses for energy purposes. And when the share of these expenses reaches 10%, a crisis comes. Certainly, there are a lot of other causes – political, speculative etc., but the main is still energy-related. Humanity can't spend more than 10% of money for energy. Today we are just at about 10%. The whole world is trying not to exceed this barrier. Against this background, smooth forecasts of different agencies about overcoming the crisis in the near future look unnatural. Nothing smooth is unfortunately expected.

Besides, the following people took floor at the Plenary Meeting of the 3rd International Energy Forum: Svetlana Yurmanova, Director of the Department of State Policy and Regulation in the field of Environmental Protection and Safety of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation with her report on Key Areas of Improving the Legislation on Enhancing Energy Efficiency in Russia, Sergey Korkin, CEO of SAS-Servis LLC with his report on Prospects of the Industrial Cluster of Central Sakhalin, and Galina Fomina, Vice-President of Alfa-Bank with her report on Funding Regional Energy Performance Projects.

Specialized sections were held in the framework of the Forum.

The section Problems and Prospects for Development of the Nuclear-Power Engineering and Alternative Energy Sources was moderated by Ekaterina Popova, Deputy Chief of the Presidential Administration, Head of the Interdepartmental Working Group on Innovative Legislation at the Presidential Administration, Chairwoman of the Committee of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation on promoting the modernization and technological development of Russian Economy.

The section Energy Efficiency of Russian Economy is the answer to technological challenges of the 21st century was moderated by Anton Popov, Deputy Director General of FSBI Russian Energy Agency.

The section From resource model to sustainable use of natural resources. The mechanisms of taking advantage of the benefits of the "raw material producing country" for modernization and innovative development of the country was moderated by Gennady Shmal, President of Russia's Union of Oil & Gas Producers.

All proposals on key items of the agenda received from the participants of the event will be included in the Resolution of the International Energy Forum, which will be sent to dedicated Ministries of RF Government and State Duma Committees as recommendations for making the relevant decisions.


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